- Sibeth, Achim, 1991, "The Batak: Peoples of the Island of Sumatra", Thames and Hudson, London.


- Gillow, J., 1992, "Traditional Indonesian Textiles". Thames and Hudson, London.

- Gittinger, M., 1976, "The Ship Textiles of South Sumatera: Function and design systems". Bidragen tot de Taal, Land-en Volkenkunde 132: 208.

- Hoopen, P. ten, 2017, "The Pusaka Collection, Online Museum of Indonesian Ikat Textiles". Available at

- Indonesia Photogalleries and Articles; "The Vera Tobing Collection (of Batak Textiles)". Available at

- Lenor Larsen, J., 1976, "The Dyers Art: ikat, batik, plangi", Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

- Niessen, Sandra A., 1994, "Batak Cloth and Clothing: A Dynamic Indonesian Tradition", Oxford University Press, Oxford.

- Niessen, Sandra A., 2009, "Legacy in Cloth: Batak Textiles of Indonesia", Koninklyk Instituut Voor Taal Land, Leiden, 568 pages.

- Richardson, D. & S., 2017, "Asian Textile Studies". Available at

- Thomas Murray Arts, Special Exhibitions, "Ties That Bind". Available at

- Threads of Life, "Sustaining the Textile Arts of Indonesia". Available at

- Yeager, R.M. and Jacobson, M.I.,2002, "Textiles of Western Timor, Regional Variations in Historical Perspective". White Lotus, Bangkok, Thailand.

A component website of